Submitted: 07 Jan 2019
Accepted: 11 Apr 2019
First published online: 30 Jun 2020
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Int J Basic Sci Med. 2020;5(2):48-53.
doi: 10.34172/ijbsm.2020.10
  Abstract View: 113
  PDF Download: 96

Original article

Assessment of the Diagnostic Validities of Serum NGAL, KIM-1, and L-FABP in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

Tahmineh Ostovar 1 ORCiD, Hosein Rezaei 1, Javad Zavar Reza 2 *

1 International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
*Correspondence to Javad Zavar Reza, Tel: 098351-8203410 Fax: 098351-8202632 Email: Email:


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most threatening and important disorders worldwide in both industrial and developing nations. In addition, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) are three factors suggested as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in CKDs. Considering the lack of enough efficiency of the creatinine in the prognosis of the CKD, the present study aimed to assess the relationship between these three factors and CKD occurrence and determine if they could be considered valid biomarkers in this regard.

Materials and Methods: The present case-control study was designed enrolling 42 patients with confirmed CKD referring to the Imam Khomeini hospital of Kangan. The participants were 42 years old and gender-matched healthy counterparts. Blood samples were obtained, and then NGAL, KIM-1, and L-FABP were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using commercial kits (Bioassay Technology Laboratory). Finally, the serum creatinine was detected by applying Jaffe’s method.

Results: Based on the results, significant differences were found in the serum levels of all four factors between CKD patients and the control group. More precisely, the serum levels of NGAL (P < 0.0001, specificity: 87.6%, sensitivity: 79.3%, and the area under the curve, AUC: 0.89), L-FABP (P < 0.0001, specificity: 83.3%, sensitivity: 78.3%, and AUC: 0.86), KIM-1 (P < 0.0001, specificity: 85.7%, sensitivity: 78.6%, and AUC: 0.88), and creatinine (P < 0.0001) were significantly higher in individuals with CKDs in comparison with controls. Eventually, the serum levels of NGAL, L-FABP, and KIM-1 were significantly correlated with each other in both patient and control groups (P < 0.0001).

Conclusion: In general, NGAL, L-FABP, KIM-1, and creatinine could be used as independent biomarkers for the diagnosis of CKD. Moreover, the measurement of NGAL, L-FABP, and KIM-1 altogether could be a valid assessment for the diagnosis of CKD.

Please cite this article as follows: Ostovar T, Rezaei H, Zavar Reza J, Assessment of the Diagnostic Validities of Serum NGAL, KIM-1, and L-FABP in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease. Int J Basic Sci Med. 2020;5(2):48- 53. doi:10.34172/ ijbms.2020.10.
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