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Submitted: 29 Nov 2018
Revision: 04 Jan 2019
Accepted: 12 Jan 2019
ePublished: 02 Jul 2019
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Int J Basic Sci Med. 2019;4: 75-80.
doi: 10.15171/ijbsm.2019.15
  Abstract View: 1694
  PDF Download: 768

Original article

Effects of Phase IV Pedometer Feedback Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation on Cardiovascular Functional Capacity in Patients With Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Mostafa Dehghani 1, 2, Mostafa Cheraghi 3,2, Mehrdad Namdari 3,2, Valiollah Dabidi Roshan 4*

1 PhD cardiovascular and Respiratory physiology, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
2 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Rahimi Hospital, Lorestan university of Medical Science, Khorramabad, Iran
3 Department of Cardiology, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
4 Department of Sport Physiology, College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: vdabidiroshan@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Pedometer feedback home-based cardiac rehabilitation (PFHCR) programs have been effective in augmenting exercise tolerance. Our aim was to investigate the effects of PFHCR on cardiovascular functional capacity in patients with myocardial infarction (MI).Methods: Forty MI patients were divided into two intervention and two control groups (n=10)in a randomized controlled trial. The intervention group received a PFHCR program including routine medications along with continuous exercise program, whereas the control group received traditional care without PFHCR. Baseline evaluations and cardiovascular stresses were controlled during the 8-week follow-up rehabilitation program in all patients. Data analysis was conducted using one-way ANOVA and paired sample student’s t-test (P ≤ 0.05).Results: At baseline, no significant differences were observed between the groups. After eight weeks of PFHCR, the intervention groups had significantly higher metabolic equivalent(P = 0.001), VO2max (P = 0.001), total exercise times (P = 0.001), and total distance traveled(P = 0.003) when compared with the control groups. However, no significant intra-group or inter-group differences in variables were observed between the men and women.Conclusion: Our results showed that PFHCR exhibited significant optimal effects on the cardiovascular functional capacity in MI patients.
Keywords: Cardiac rehabilitation, Myocardial infarction, Functional capacity, Exercise Test, Coronary heart disease
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