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Submitted: 23 Jun 2017
Accepted: 07 Sep 2017
ePublished: 01 Oct 2017
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Int J Basic Sci Med. 2017;2: 139-146.
doi: 10.15171/ijbsm.2017.26
  Abstract View: 2142
  PDF Download: 1616
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Original article

Determining Motor Development Status of 3-10 YearOld Children in Ahvaz City Using TGMD-3 Test

Farzad Mohammadi 1*, Abbas Bahram 2, Hasan Khalaji 3, Farhad Ghadiri 4

1 PHD Student, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: farzad.mohammadi59@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: The principle elements of motor development are fundamental movement skills (FMSs). The children with high levels of FMS are most likely to participate in health-related physical activities. This study aimed to determine motor development status of 3-10 year-old children in Ahvaz, Iran.

Methods: The research strategy and design were descriptive-normative and cross-sectional, respectively. A total of 1600 children aged 3-10 years were chosen from 8 regions of Ahvaz using cluster-sampling. The instrument used for data-collection was Test of Gross Motor Development – third edition (TGMD-3). In order to analyze the data, multivariate and Tukey post-hoc analyses were used along with Mann-Whitney U and chi-square tests.

Results: Results showed that boys, compared to girls, had better levels of performance in locomotor skills of running, horizontal jump and sliding, while girls performed galloping and skipping better than boys. In all ball skills, boys had significant higher levels of performance compared to girls., Results also revealed that in both subtests, performance enhanced with age increase. Prevalence of low motor proficiency was observed in skipping, forehand strike and overhand throw, while there was prevalence of mastery in hoping, sliding, dribble and catching. Low motor proficiency was observed for several FMSs in girls.

Conclusion: Girls, compared to the boys of the same age, had lower levels of performance in all ball skills and some of locomotor skills. This result shows they are at the risk of unhealthy motor development; therefore, it is suggested that special programs and equal opportunities be prepared for them in order to enhance their motor competence in FMS. 

Keywords: Fundamental movement skills, Gross motor development, Motor competence, Sex, Development delay

Please cite this article as follows: Mohammadi F, Bahram A, Hasan Khalaji H, Ghadiri F. Determining motor development status of 3-10-year-old children in Ahvaz city using TGMD-3 test. Int J Basic Sci Med. 2017;2(3):139- 146. doi:10.15171/ ijbms.2017.26.
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