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Submitted: 03 Jun 2022
Revision: 09 Mar 2023
Accepted: 15 Mar 2023
ePublished: 29 Mar 2023
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Int J Basic Sci Med. 2023;8: 23-29.
doi: 10.34172/ijbsm.2023.04
  Abstract View: 403
  PDF Download: 208

Original Article

Study of Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and its Correlation With Severity

Swarna Deepak Kuragayala 1* ORCID logo, Kalyani K2 2 ORCID logo, Himabala Kommula 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of General Medicine, Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jubilee Hills, Film Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500090, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhrapradesh-524003, India
3 Celestee Skin, Laser and Hair Clinic, Filmnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding Author: Swarna Deepak Kuragayala, Email: drksdeepak@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: The current study aimed to identify the electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and their correlation to severity.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted on 100 patients with COPD with expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1)<0.7. Patients were categorized according to GOLD criteria and underwent Spirometry and ECG.

Results: Among the COPD cases, 40% belonged to severe airflow limitation followed by very severe (32%), moderate (22%), and mild (6%) categories. The mean forced FEV1% in mild, moderate, severe, and very severe COPD was 81.3+0.57, 63.9+6.28, 41.15±4.59, and 25.625±2.41, respectively (P<0.05). The higher risk factor for COPD is smoking in 80% with a mean pack of 20.67±6.5 years. The most ECG abnormality in COPD patients was right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) (52%), followed by right bundle branch block (RBBB) in 40% of patients, right axis deviation (34%), P pulmonale (32%), and atrial fibrillation in 22% of COPD cases, respectively. Furthermore, there was a strong association between ECG abnormalities and COPD severity. COPD patients with a poor FEV1/FVC% ratio had more ECG abnormalities, and the ECG abnormalities were shown to be highly correlated with the severity, duration, and length of symptoms.

Conclusion: COPD is a common condition in patients with a smoking history of>20 pack-years, being more common in males in their 5th decade of life. Moreover, low FEV1 values were associated with ECG abnormalities. As the duration/severity of the disease rises, ECG abnormalities become more common. To avoid cardiac mortality and morbidity, all COPD patients should undergo cardiac examination through ECG for the management of co-morbidities.

Keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Electrocardiography, Right ventricular hypertrophy

Please cite this article as follows: Deepak Kuragayala S, Kalyani K , Kommula H. Study of electrocardiographic abnormalities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its correlation with severity. Int J Basic Sci Med. 2023;8(1):23-29. doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2023.04.
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