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Submitted: 15 Apr 2023
Revision: 07 Jun 2023
Accepted: 13 Jun 2023
ePublished: 29 Jun 2023
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Int J Basic Sci Med. 2023;8: 55-60.
doi: 10.34172/ijbsm.31628
  Abstract View: 296
  PDF Download: 178

Original Article

Long-Term Complications After Discharge of Patients With COVID-19: A Cross-sectional Study in Iran

Maryam Sadat Mirenayat 1,2 ORCID logo, Mohsen Abedi 3,2 ORCID logo, Reyhaneh Zahiri 1,2 ORCID logo, Zahra Amraei 4 ORCID logo, Negar Khoshkbari 1, Atefeh Fakharian 1,2* ORCID logo

1 Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center (CRDRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Pulmonary Rehabilitation Research Center (PRRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Physiotherapy Research Center, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Atefeh Fakharian, Email: fakharian_2005@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Many patients with COVID-19 complain about the remaining symptoms after being discharged from the hospital. Therefore, monitoring possible complications after contracting COVID-19 can play a significant role in the management of this disease. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term complications in patients with COVID-19.

Methods: Patients with COVID-19 who were referred to the hospital from June to November 2021 were examined in our cross-sectional study. Before the discharge of patients, the six-minute walk was performed and the patient’s clinical information was recorded. Then, patients were recalled and analyzed 2 weeks and 1 month after discharge.

Results: Ninety-one patients participated in our study. After 2 weeks, fatigue with a prevalence of 62.6% was the most common clinical symptom residual in patients. In addition, 1 month after discharge, dyspnea (46.4%) and fatigue (35.7%), as well as muscle weakness and anxiety (28.6%), were the most common symptoms. The mean of oxygen saturation was 93.43±3.71 two weeks after discharge and 94.79±2.14 one month after discharge. The distance traveled at 6-minute walk test (6-MWT) was not significantly increased 1 month after discharge (P=0.43). However, the mean of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (P=0.001), forced vital capacity (FVC) average (P=0.002), and total lung capacity (TLC) (P=05) increased significantly after 1 month.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in some patients with COVID-19, symptoms such as dyspnea and fatigue remain until 1 month after discharge from the hospital. In such patients, chest computed tomography scans, pulmonary rehabilitation, and patient follow-up can help patients recover faster.

Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus infections, Complications, Pulmonary function test

Please cite this article as follows: Mirenayat MS, Abedi M, Zahiri R, Amraei Z, Khoshkbari N, Fakharian A. Long-term complications after discharge of patients with COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in Iran. Int J Basic Sci Med. 2023;8(2):55-60. doi:10.34172/ ijbsm.31628.
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